To be civilized does not mean having studied at university, or having read many books, or possessing great wisdom: we all know that certain individuals with these characteristics were capable of committing acts of absolutely perfect barbarity. To be civilized means to be capable of fully recognizing the humanity of others, even though they have different faces and customs to ours; to know how to put oneself in their place and look at ourselves as if from outside. No one is definitively barbarian or civilized and each one of us is responsible for our actions. But we, who today receive this great honour, have the responsibility to take a step forward towards a little more civilization. Tzvetan Todorov
Photo of Oscar Ramirez and his daughter, Valeria found on twitter, attributed to Maria Estela Avalos. I do not own this image.
Header image is a photograph of a poster seen at the 2019 Women’s March
A large part of history is replete with the struggle for human rights, an eternal struggle in which final victory can never be won. But to tire in that struggle would mean the ruin of society. Albert Einstein, 1955
Love me baby, love me for who I am Fallen angels singing, “clap your hands” Don’t try to take my country, I will defend my land I’m not crazy, baby, naw I’m American
According to the New Testament, the God of Israel becomes
mortal: Immanuel, God with us.
God can descend as an adult and live as a God.
God can choose birth to a royal house and live as a man of the educated
Instead, God decides to break the Law of Moses by impregnating a young,
unmarried peasant girl who is already betrothed and likely to suffer execution by stoning for the crime of adultery.
“Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly.”Matthew 1:18-19
Joseph later adopts Jesus as his own.
Everything about the birth of Jesus is unsavory in terms of Mosaic Law and the rigid class system of the ancient world.
“Unlawful intercourse with a woman betrothed to a man was adultery, because the betrothed woman was deemed as inviolable as the married woman. The punishment for this crime was stoning to death at the place of public execution (Deut. xxii. 24). The punishment for Adultery according to the Mishnah (Sanh. xi. 1) was strangulation; the rabbinical theory being that wherever the death penalty was mentioned in the Bible, without any specific statement of the manner of its infliction, strangulation was meant. The Jewish Encyclopedia
The child of an incestuous or adulterous relationship was branded a mamzer.
A mamzer was not permitted to become a member of the Jewish body politic (Deut. xxiii. 3 [A. V. 2]), and could not intermarry with a Jew or Jewess (Ḳid. iii. 12), although it did not lose its right to inherit from the husband of its mother, who, while not the legitimate father, was for this purpose the putative father.”’ The Jewish Encyclopedia
There is no room at the inn for Mary’s mamzer, so he is born in a cave where he sleeps in a device for feeding livestock.